Microphones for Recording
A microphone is a device that changes sound into electric energy. This energy instantly travels over wires or through the air to a loud speaker or some other instrument that changes it back into sound. Microphones, which are often called mikes for short, are also used in recording sound. Today, the use of microphones for recording is extensively found in public address system, in broadcasting radio and television shows, for motion pictures and also in making phonograph records and tape recordings.
When you are choosing microphones for recording purposes for live concerts or for your studio, you will observe that two kinds of microphones are commonly used. They are dynamic and condenser microphones, which have their own plus and minus aspects. People who have studios largely prefer condenser microphones for recording, as they are known to have greater ability to reproduce the pace of any instrument or vocal sounds. They also generate output of a higher decibel and happen to be more sensitive to higher sounds. Condenser microphones normally cost higher than dynamic ones, though there are cheaper versions too. Many users of condenser microphones for recording are of the view that they invariably are of Chinese make and they hardly vary in performance. They normally need a power supply of 48 volts that can be obtained from a majority of mixing boards or even external power supply.
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As mentioned above, most studios go for condenser microphones for recording jobs owing to their sensitivity and finer ability to regenerate sounds of higher decibels and may be because they happen to be more delicate as compared to dynamic microphones for recording works. Having said that, condenser microphones are a common sight in live music concerts, suspended above the drummers and also in chorus programs. They are mostly available with either small or large diaphragms. The former one is more suited for concerts, while the latter one is preferred in studio vocals.
In comparison with condenser microphones, dynamic microphones for recording works happen to be sturdier and tougher. Owing to their appreciable resistance to moisture and rough use, they are looked upon as ideal ones for onstage shows. They are preferred not for their withstanding ability against abuse of any kind, but also on account of their fine sound clarity. If you visit any rock program, you will notice that there are in all probability not less than 5 of 6 of these microphones in strategic locations. They reproduce the same kind of quality and clarity no matter how long they have been used for. Unlike condenser microphones, dynamic microphones for recording works do not need a dedicated power supply. Their sound quality too may not be as sharp as that of condenser microphones. A majority of them have low frequency output, and hence users of these microphones aver that they are excellent for high decibels, like in loud guitars, live vocal performances and apparently for drums.
Now that you have some inputs on both kinds of microphones for recording, you may choose the one which is suited for the kind of work that you do, whether for recording vocals at your home or for recording live performance outside home.